Environmental Science - bioimagephotography
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mud dauber nest tubes

mud dauber nest tubes

kleptoparasites lay eggs in the tube which hatch in just a few days and their larva immediately consumes the food, causing the later-hatching Mud Dauber grub to starve

organpipemuddaubertubesTrypoxylonpolitumwaspnesttubesalivafemalesolitarystingparalyzespideranimalinvertebratearthropodinsectHymenopteraCrabronidaezoologyentemologyhomehabitatkleptoparasitePatriarchateegglarvapupaparasiteclaychamber